CREATE is a H2020 project awarded in 2016 and has a duration of 3 years. The CREATE project addresses the topic of Tackling Urban Road congestion within the Mobility for Growth, part of the H2020 programme. The CREATE project is considered part of the flagship programme of EC “CIVITAS” the umbrella programme for research and demonstration of innovative sustainable mobility solutions in European cities.
Recently, different cities across Europe experienced growth in population and income, while the car ownership and use decreased. These cities become more attractive for the inhabitants that experience a higher living standard. In the same time, there are other cities across Europe that are still having problems with high car ownership and use levels, reduced network capacity, in short, high levels of congestion.
With five cities in Western Europe (Berlin, Copenhagen, London, Paris and Vienna), and five cites in Eastern Europe and the Euro-Med region (Adana, Amman, Bucharest, Skopje and Tallinn), CREATE sets out to address four issues:
- How the way in which the congestion debate is framed in a city that fundamentally affects how transport system performance is measured, and influences public and political perceptions of traffic/transport problems and potential solutions.
- The existence of a fifty year Transport Policy Evolution Cycle that is observable in Western European cities, and in some more economically advanced cities in other parts of the world, which gradually shifts the policy emphasis and investment priorities away from accommodating traffic growth (pro-car) to promoting a liveable city and discouraging motorised traffic.
- Exploration of possible mobility futures under conditions of rapidly growing urban populations and a densification of mobility, and the policy measures which can achieve congestion reduction, promote sustainable mobility and meet wider policy objectives, aided by innovative advances in technologies and changes in social and business practices.
- Facilitating the policy transfer of insights gained from investigating ideas 1 to 3 in economically advanced European cities to cities in Central and Eastern Europe and the Euro-Med region, which are currently coping with rapid growth in car ownership, road traffic and in traffic congestion, and promoting pro-car policies – to help them in short-circuiting the historical Transport Policy Evolution Cycle, while recognising the aspiration to own a car.